Directionality in Development and Evolution

Provine, W. (1989). “Progress in evolution and meaning in life.” In Evolutionary Progress. Edited by M.H. Nitecki. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 49–74.

Hunt, G. (2007). “The Relative Importance of Directional Change, Random Walks, and Stasis in the Evolution of Fossil Lineages.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, United States of America 104(47):18404–18408.

Vole, K.L., H.H. Øistein, L.H. Liow, and N.C. Stenseth (2015). “The role of biotic forces in driving macroevolution: beyond the Red Queen.” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Part B: Biological Sciences 282:20150186.

Hunt, G., M.J. Hopkins and S. Lidgard (2015). "Simple versus complex models of trait evolution and stasis as a response to environmental change." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, United States of America 112: 4885–4890.

Simpson, G.G. (1944). Tempo and Mode in Evolution. New York: Columbia University Press.

Boyle, R. A., & Lenton, T. M. (2022). The evolution of biogeochemical recycling by persistence-based selection. Communications Earth & Environment, 3(1), 46.

Lowe, C. B., M. Kellis, A. Siepel, B.J. Raney, M. Clamp, S.R. Salama, D.M. Kingsley, K. Lindblad-Toh, and D. Haussler, (2011). “Three periods of regulatory innovation during vertebrate evolution.” Science 333:1019–1024.

McShea, D.W. (2012). “Upper-directed systems: a new approach to teleology in biology.” Biology and Philosophy 27:663–688.

Function and Teleology

Garson, J. (2016). A Critical Overview of Biological Functions. Switzerland: Springer.

Rose, M.R. and Lauder, G.V. (1996). Adaptation. London: Academic Press.

Williams, G.C. (1966). Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Pittendrigh, C.S. (1958). "Adaptation, natural selection, and behavior.” In Behavior and Evolution. Edited by A. Roe and G.G. Simpson. New Haven: Yale University Press, 390–416.

Orzack, S.H. and E. Sober. (ed) (2001). Adaptationism and Optimality. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Okasha, S. (2018). Agents and Goals in Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Johnson, M.R. (2005). Aristotle on Teleology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lennox, J.G. (2001a). Aristotle: On the Parts of Animals IIV. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lennox, J.G. (2001b). Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origin of Life Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lennox, J.G. (2019). “Aristotle’s biology.” In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2019 Edition), Edited by E.N. Zalta:

Rosenblueth, A., Wiener, N. and Bigelow, J. (1943). “Behavior, purpose and teleology.” Philosophy of Science 10:18–24.

Mossio, M. and A. Moreno. (2015). Biological Autonomy. Springer Dordrecht.

Breitenbach, A. (2014). “Biological purposiveness and analogical reflection.” In Kant’s Theory of Biology. Edited by I. Goy and E. Watkins. De Gruyter,

Lennox, J.G. and Kampourakis, K. (2013). “Biological teleology: the need for history.” In The Philosophy of Biology: A Companion for Educators. Edited by K. Kampourakis. Springer Dordrecht.

Kant, I. (1952) [1790]. Critique of Judgement. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Ruse, M. (2003). Darwin and Design: Does Evolution Have a Purpose? Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press.

Wouters, A. (2007). “Design explanation: determining the constraints on what can be alive.” Erkenntnis 67:65–80.