Resources

Ancient and Early Modern Natural Philosophy

Gibson, S. (2015). Animal, Vegetable, Mineral? How Eighteenth-Century Science Disrupted the Natural Order. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Johnson, M.R. (2005). Aristotle on Teleology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lennox, J.G. (2001a). Aristotle: On the Parts of Animals IIV. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lennox, J.G. (2001b). Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origin of Life Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lennox, J.G. (2019). “Aristotle’s biology.” In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2019 Edition), Edited by E.N. Zalta: https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2019/entries/aristotle-biology/

Breitenbach, A. (2014). “Biological purposiveness and analogical reflection.” In Kant’s Theory of Biology. Edited by I. Goy and E. Watkins. De Gruyter, https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110225792.131.

Lennox, J.G. and Kampourakis, K. (2013). “Biological teleology: the need for history.” In The Philosophy of Biology: A Companion for Educators. Edited by K. Kampourakis. Springer Dordrecht.

Kant, I. (1952) [1790]. Critique of Judgement. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Smith, J.E.H. (2011). Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Goy, I. (2014). “Epigenetic theories: Caspar Friedrich Wolff and Immanuel Kant.” In Kant’s Theory of Biology. Edited by I. Goy and E. Watkins. Berlin: De Gruyter, 43–60.

Leunissen, M. (2010). Explanation and Teleology in Aristotle’s Science of Nature. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Schiefsky, M.J. (2007). Galen's teleology and functional explanation. In Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 33, ed. D. Sedley, 369–400. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Zammito, J. (2018). The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Richards, R.J. (2000). "Kant and Blumenbach on the Bildungstrieb: a historical misunderstanding." Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 31:11-32.

McLaughlin, P. (1990). Kant's Critique of Teleology in Biological Explanation. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press.

Mensch, J. (2013). Kant’s Organicism: Epigenesis and the Development of Critical Philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Breitenbach, A. (2006). “Mechanical explanation of nature and its limits in Kant’s Critique of judgment.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 37(4): 694–711.

Berryman, S. (2009). The Mechanical Hypothesis in Ancient Greek Natural Philosophy. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press.

Smith, J.E.H., ed. (2006). The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Des Chene, D. (2001). Spirits and Clocks: Machine and Organism in Descartes. New York: Cornell University.

Rocca, J. (ed.) (2017). Teleology in the Ancient World: Philosophical and Medical Approaches. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Zammito, J. (2006). “Teleology then and now: The question of Kant’s relevance for contemporary controversies over function in biology.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37(4):748–770.