Function and Teleology

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Ayala, F.A. (1970). “Teleological explanations in evolutionary biology.” Philosophy of Science 37:1–15.

Beckner, M. (1958). The Biological Way of Thought. New York: Columbia University Press.

Bertalanffy, L. (1952). Problems of Life: An Evaluation of Modern Biological Thought. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Bourrat, F. (2021). “Function, persistence and selection: generalizing the selected-effect account of function adequately.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Part A 90:61–67.

Bourrat, P. (2021). Function, persistence, and selection: Generalizing the selected-effect account of function adequately. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 90, 61–67.

Brandon, R. (1981). “Biological teleology: questions and explanations.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 12:91–105.

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Breitenbach, A. (2014). “Biological purposiveness and analogical reflection.” In Kant’s Theory of Biology. Edited by I. Goy and E. Watkins. De Gruyter,

Bruno, M. and S. Nichols (2010) “Intuitions About Personal Identity: An Empirical Study”, Philosophical Psychology 23:293–312.

Catania, K. (2020). Great Adaptations: Star-Nosed Moles, Electric Eels, and Other Tales of Evolution’s Mysteries Solved. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Craver, C.F. (2013). “Functions and mechanisms: a perspectivalist view.” In Functions: selection and mechanisms. Edited by P. Huneman. Spring Dordrecht, 133–158.

Dawkins, R. (1982).The Extended Phenotype: The Gene as the Unit of Selection.Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gambarotto, A., & Mossio, M. (2022). Enactivism and the Hegelian Stance on Intrinsic Purposiveness. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.

Garson, J. (2016). A Critical Overview of Biological Functions. Switzerland: Springer.

Garson, J. (2022). The Biological Mind: A Philosophical Introduction (2nd ed.). Routledge.

Garson, J. (2022). Do transposable elements have functions of their very own? Biology & Philosophy, 37(3), 20.

Godfrey-Smith, P. (1993). “Functions: consensus without unity.” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 74:196–208.

Gould, S.J. and E. Vrba. (1982). “Exaptation--A Missing Term in the Science of Form.” Paleobiology 8(1):4–15.

Gould, S.J. and R.C. Lewontin. (1979). “The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: a critique of the adaptationist programme.” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Part B: Biological Sciences 205:581–598.

Hempel, C.G. (1965). “The Logic of Functional Analysis.” In Aspects of Scientific Explanation and other Essays in the Philosophy of Science. New York: Free Press, 297–330.

Hill, J., Oderberg, D. S., Gibbins, J. M., & Bojak, I. (2022). Mistake-Making: A Theoretical Framework for Generating Research Questions in Biology, With Illustrative Application to Blood Clotting. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 97, 13.