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Work-Constraint Cycle

A cyclic organizational regime in which constraints are required to perform work (here conceptualized as a constrained release of energy), which in turn is used to build or maintain constraints. In the case of systems capable of maintaining themselves in an environment, the relevant constraints are produced and maintained by the activities of the system itself, achieving organizational closure. See, “Organizational Closure (or, Closure of Constraints).”


Montévil, M and M. Mossio (2015). “Biological organisation as closure of constraints.” Journal of Theoretical Biology 372:179–191.