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Organizational Closure (or, Closure of Constraints)

A state of affairs in which a set of constraints is jointly implicated in maintaining the conditions of existence of the set, or “system.” In a system exhibiting organizational closure, each constraint will depend directly on at least one other constraint for its production and/or maintenance, and will have at least one other constraint that depends on it for its production and/or maintenance; so, the set of constraints exists as a closed network of mutually dependent components. See also, “Self-Determination.”


Montévil, M and M. Mossio (2015). “Biological organisation as closure of constraints.” Journal of Theoretical Biology 372:179–191.