Concepts View

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The quality of being “about” something: that is, of representing or “standing for” things, properties or states of affairs. Intentional states are about, or directed at, things other than themselves.


Jacob, P. (2019). “Intentionality.” In E.N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2019 Edition).


An entity that interacts as a cohesive whole with its environment in a way that causes replication to be differential.


Hull, D.L. (1980). “Individuality and selection.” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11:311–322.