Resources

Function and Teleology

Russell, E.S. (1945). The Directiveness of Organic Activities. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press.

Kaiser, M. (2018). “ENCODE and the parts of the human genome.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 72:28–37.

Newman, S. A. (2022). Evolution ‘on Purpose’: Teleonomy in Living Systems. In Form, Function, Agency: Sources of Natural Purpose in Animal Evolution. EcoEvoRxiv.

Gould, S.J. and E. Vrba. (1982). “Exaptation--A Missing Term in the Science of Form.” Paleobiology 8(1):4–15.

Leunissen, M. (2010). Explanation and Teleology in Aristotle’s Science of Nature. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Dawkins, R. (1982). The Extended Phenotype: The Gene as the Unit of Selection. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McShea, D.W. (2016). “Freedom and purpose in biology.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 58:64–72.

Wouters, A. (2004). “The function debate in philosophy.” Acta Biotheoretica 53:123–151.

Amundson, R. and G.V. Lauder (1994). "Function without purpose: the uses of causal role function in evolutionary biology." Biology and Philosophy 9(4): 443–470.

Bourrat, F. (2021). “Function, persistence and selection: generalizing the selected-effect account of function adequately.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Part A 90:61–67.

Bourrat, P. (2021). Function, persistence, and selection: Generalizing the selected-effect account of function adequately. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 90, 61–67.

Love, A.C. (2007). “Functional homology and homology of function: biological concepts and philosophical consequences.” Biology and Philosophy 22:691–708.

Militello, G., Bich, L., & Moreno, A. (2021). Functional Integration and Individuality in Prokaryotic Collective Organisations. Acta Biotheoretica, 69(3), 391–415.

Wright, L. (1973). “Functions.” The Philosophical Review 82(2):139–168.

Craver, C.F. (2013). “Functions and mechanisms: a perspectivalist view.” In Functions: selection and mechanisms. Edited by P. Huneman. Spring Dordrecht, 133–158.

Godfrey-Smith, P. (1993). “Functions: consensus without unity.” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 74:196–208.

Schiefsky, M.J. (2007). Galen's teleology and functional explanation. In Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 33, ed. D. Sedley, 369–400. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Zammito, J. (2018). The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Catania, K. (2020). Great Adaptations: Star-Nosed Moles, Electric Eels, and Other Tales of Evolution’s Mysteries Solved. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Trestman, M.A. (2012). Implicit and explicit goal-directedness. Erkenntnis 77:207–236.

Bruno, M. and S. Nichols (2010) “Intuitions About Personal Identity: An Empirical Study”, Philosophical Psychology 23:293–312.

McLaughlin, P. (1990). Kant's Critique of Teleology in Biological Explanation. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press.

Millikan, R.G. (1984), Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism. Cambridge (MA): The MIT Press.

Hempel, C.G. (1965). “The Logic of Functional Analysis.” In Aspects of Scientific Explanation and other Essays in the Philosophy of Science. New York: Free Press, 297–330.

Breitenbach, A. (2006). “Mechanical explanation of nature and its limits in Kant’s Critique of judgment.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 37(4): 694–711.