Resources

Adaptation and Adaptationism

Hull, D.L. (1980). “Individuality and selection.” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11: 311–332.

Reiss, J.O. (2009). Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Potochnik, A. (2008). "Optimality modeling in a suboptimal world." Biology & Philosophy 24(2): 183–197.

Lewens, T. (2004). Organisms and Artifacts: Design in Nature and Elsewhere. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press.

Walsh, D. (2015). Organisms, Agency and Evolution. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press.

O’Connor, C. (2019). The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dawkins, R. (1976). The Selfish Gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gould, S.J. and R.C. Lewontin. (1979). “The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: a critique of the adaptationist programme.” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Part B: Biological Sciences 205:581–598

Simpson, G.G. (1958). “The study of evolution.” In Behavior and Evolution. Edited by A. Roe and G.G. Simpson. New Haven: Yale University Press, 7–26.

Ruse, M. (1989). “Teleology in biology: is it a cause for concern?” Trends in Ecology & Evolution 4(2):51–54.

Orzack, S.H. (2008). “Testing adaptive hypotheses, optimality models, and adaptationism.” In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology. Edited by M. Ruse. New York: Oxford University Press, 87–112.

Takacs, P., & Bourrat, P. (2022). The arithmetic mean of what? A Cautionary Tale about the Use of the Geometric Mean as a Measure of Fitness. Biology & Philosophy, 37(2), 12.

Godfrey-Smith, P. (2001). “Three kinds of adaptationism.” In Adaptationism and Optimality. Edited by S.H. Orzack and E. Sober. New York: Cambridge University Press, 335–357.

Turner, J.S. (2007). The Tinkerer’s Accomplice: How Design Emerges from Life Itself. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Lloyd, E. (2001). “Units and levels of selection: an anatomy of the units of selection debates.” In Thinking About Evolution (Historical, Philosophical, and Political Perspectives, vol. 2). Edited by R.S. Singh, C.B. Krimbas, D.B. Paul, and J. Beatty, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ågren, A. J. (2021). Why the selfish genes metaphor remains a powerful thinking tool | Aeon Essays. Aeon.

Agency and Autonomy

Newman, S.A. (2016). "’Biogeneric’ developmental processes: drivers of major transitions in animal evolution." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 371(1701). https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0443.

Moreno, A. (2007). “A systemic approach to the origin of biological organization.” In Systems Biology: Philosophical Foundations. Edited by F.C. Boogerd, F.J. Bruggeman, J.S. Hofmeyr and H.V. Westerhoff. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Okasha, S. (2018). Agents and Goals in Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Maturana, H. and Varela, F. (1972). Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living. Boston Studies in Philosophy of Science, Vol. 42.

Di Paulo, E.A. (2005). “Autopoiesis, adaptivity, teleology, agency.” Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4:429–452.

Queller, D.C. and Strassman, J.E. (2009). “Beyond society: the evolution of organismality.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Part B: Biological Sciences 364:3143–3155.

Lyon, P. (2006). “The biogenic approach to cognition.” Cognitive Processes 7:11–29.

Mossio, M. and A. Moreno. (2015). Biological Autonomy. Springer Dordrecht.

Woodger, J.H. (1929). Biological Principles. London: K. Paul, Trench and Trubner.